Exploring the vivid world of Vermouth

Amanda Barnes attends the Circle’s online tasting and ventures forth further into the brave new world of this ancient aromatised fortified wine, whereby more winemakers have started making it on the side but from top-notch grapes. A version of this article was originally published on Around the World in 80 Harvests.

Vermouth is stepping forward on the drinks scene, from the back of the top shelf to becoming a bestseller, which is impressive considering that bars have barely been open this past year. But as more and more people have turned to making their own cocktails during lockdown, Vermouth has been one of the winners of the pandemic drinks trolley.

“I’ve seen our Vermouth sales in terms of value and volume increase over 130% in the past year!” says Dawn Davies MW, buyer for The Whisky Exchange (an online specialist drinks retailer with over 9,000 spirits on its books). “I do really believe that Vermouth is on an upward trajectory. When lockdown happened people started making cocktails, and people started really experimenting and buying and trying different Vermouths.”

So, what is Vermouth? Basically, it’s an aromatised fortified wine that has to have artemisias bitters (commonly wormwood) in it, but can be flavoured with many other botanicals too. It is by no means a new drink – it has been made (in various forms) for over 3,500 years as a medicinal drink. The Shang dynasty of China were making similar medicinal drinks from 1,250 BC; Pliny the Elder was writing about it during the days of the Roman Empire; but it was really the modern Italians who brought it up to speed in the late 19th century with the appearance of Vermouth cocktails.

The golden age for Vermouth came during the 1960s and 1970s, helped by Sean Connery’s famous James Bond moment in which he asked for his Martini “shaken not stirred” in Dr No in 1962. Since then Vermouth (and mainly Martini) has been a mainstay of bars around the world. But it is only really in the last few years that a trend for premium quality Vermouth and craft Vermouths has really kicked off.

The leap in quality that we’ve possibly seen is more due to the greater number of winemakers now making Vermouth on the side. And so the quality of grapes going into Vermouth is far greater than it has been before. “This is where I’m really getting excited about Vermouth, with brands like Regal Rogue and Belsazar,” says Dawn, who led me and some other wine writers from the Circle of Wine Writers through a seminar tasting of a selection of six of her favourite Vermouths at the moment. “Winemakers are going out and getting really good quality grapes, and organic grapes. It’s the brave new world of Vermouth!”

Greater experimentation with botanicals, and better knowledge of how to incorporate them, has also changed the face of Vermouth. Although having one bitter from the artemisias family is obligatory, the other botanicals can range as far as your imagination can. From coriander and chamomile to mace and marjoram.

During my Vermouth exploration last month, one of the best tasting experiences came at the hand of Steve Drawbell, the creator and owner of Azaline Vermouth – a new ‘super premium’ Vermouth just being launched in the UK. After over a decade as a ‘drinks innovator’, working with large drinks companies creating new drinks and innovations, he has branched out on his own to make the sort of Vermouth he’s always dreamed of. Recruiting the help of renowned French producer Gabriel Bouidier (best known for its Creme de Cassis de Dijon), the base of Azaline is of Pinot Noir from Burgundy. You get a certain note of raspberries and cherries on the final Vermouth which clearly comes from this Pinot Noir base, but this is only one of the many layers of this complex drink.

“We travel along the silk route with the eight botanicals we have chosen for Azaline,” explained Steve over a Zoom tasting, in which I was kitted out with all eight individual botanical elements and a map detailing where they are each sourced – from Persia, India, China and around Europe. It was fascinating to break down the elements to actually get an understanding of how this complex crescendo of flavours and aromas is built up in the process of making the Vermouth.

From the spicy and exotic Persian coriander; and the fresh and citrusy notes of pine in the juniper; to the heady warm bitter orange from China; and the dusty, sweet tarragon notes; or the spicy, incense-like aromas of cardamom; bitter, herbal gentian from the Alps; and woody notes of blackcurrant leaves, there was a lot to discover. But the key part of the identity of Azaline, and certainly its most luxurious quality, is the abundance of warming and exotic saffron notes, which is distilled from hand-harvested flowers picked in the legendary saffron fields of Persia. The final product is definitely one of the most memorable Vermouths I’ve tasted, and certainly by breaking down its components this way I had a greater appreciation of the work and process that goes into it.

What excited me most about tasting these Vermouths with Steve and Dawn last month is the world of aromas it opened up. As a wine taster, I often fall into the trap of describing most wines of tasting of red berries or citrus fruit. You can easily get into an aroma recognition rut! But tasting the wild and wonderful world of botanicals in Vermouth, within a fortified wine setting, is a really delicious and geeky opportunity to challenge your schnozz and tantalise your palate.

Suffice to say, I’ll be staying on the Vermouth train as we choo choo out of lockdown!


My favourite Vermouths tasted:

Azaline Vermouth, Burgundy 17% £24.99 (Master of Malt, Gerry’s)

A sensuous red Vermouth made from a base of Burgundian Pinot Noir but the real star here is the saffron which draws you into a rather exotic blend of heady spice aromas with cardamom, orange peel, tarragon and juniper rising to the fore. Beautiful alone or with tonic, and delicious in a Negroni and Boulevardier!


La Quintinye Vermouth Royal Extra Dry, France 17% £21.45 (The Whisky Exchange)

This French Vermouth was filled with gorgeous notes of lavender, roses, rosemary and citrus peel, which along with 22 other botanicals go into making it. Made from Pineau de Charentes and the juice of Ugni Blanc (which is used for Cognac). I loved this and am eager to try the rest of the range. Another one for Martini or with ice and soda water.


Regal Rogue Wild Rose Vermouth, Australia 16.5% £17.95 (The Whisky Exchange)

Pretty as a peach, this pink Vermouth is made with organic Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon, along with a selection of organic botanicals which are sourced sustainably and from indigenous communities. A slightly sweeter style with notes of ripe strawberries, rhubarb, candy floss and roses – this is a really pretty Vermouth and wouldn’t go amiss in a white wine spritzer, sparkling or still.


Vya Whisper Dry Vermouth, Quady, USA, 17% £19.75 (The Whisky Exchange)

This Vermouth from the USA was made with a base of Orange Muscat which gives it a nice grapey and floral aroma, while it packs more of a citrusy-salty punch on the palate. Dry, saline and elegant, this is certainly a style I’d love to try with a dirty gin martini.